Clibration, the frequently misspelled word for
Clibration [Correct spelling: Calibration] – refers to the process of
setting the magnitude of the output (or response) of a measuring instrument
to the magnitude of the input property or attribute within specified
accuracy and precision.
Commonly used terms are camera calibration [frequently misspelled as
camera clibration] or computer monitor calibration [frequently misspelled as
computer monitor clibration].
For physical constants, weights, and measures, there are known and agreed
values in the International System of Units (SI). Such constants include the
length of the metre, the mass of the kilogram, and the volume of a litre.
In the USA, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, a part of
the federal government, maintains standards and is considered the arbiter
and ultimate (in the U.S.) authority for values of SI units and industrial
standards. NIST also defines traceability, by which an instrument's accuracy
is established in an unbroken chain relating an instrument's measurements
through one or more derivative standards to a standard maintained by NIST,
as well as uncertainty.
In science, a calibrated test tube is one with measurements up the side.
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