Congestive Heart Failure
Alternative Heart Disease Treatment
Heart Disease Symptoms
Heart Attack Warning
From National Institute of Health
A heart attack is a frightening event, and you probably don't want to think
about it. But, if you learn the signs of a heart attack and what steps to take,
you can save a life–maybe your own.
What are the signs of a heart attack? Many people think a heart attack is sudden
and intense, like a "movie" heart attack, where a person clutches his or her
chest and falls over.
The truth is that many heart attacks start slowly, as a mild pain or discomfort.
If you feel such a symptom, you may not be sure what's wrong. Your symptoms may
even come and go. Even those who have had a heart attack may not recognize their
symptoms, because the next attack can have entirely different ones.
It's vital that everyone learn the warning signs of a heart attack. These are:
Chest discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of
the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or
Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. Can include pain or
discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach.
Shortness of breath. Often comes along with chest discomfort. But it also
can occur before chest discomfort.
Other symptoms. May include breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, or
Heart Attack Warning Signs
From Heart and Stoke Foundation of Canada
--sudden discomfort or pain that does not go away with rest
--pain that may be in the chest, neck, jaw, shoulder, arms or back
--pain that may feel like burning, squeezing, heaviness, tightness or pressure
--in women, pain may be more vague
Shortness of Breath
--cool, clammy skin
Signs may be mild or severe. If you or someone you know is having any of
these signs, CALL 911 or your local emergency number immediately.
What to do if you are experiencing these warning signs
IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING THE WARNING SIGNALS OF A HEART ATTACK YOU SHOULD
- Call 911 or your local emergency number for help, or have someone call for
you (It's a good idea to keep a list of emergency numbers near the phone at
- Stop all activity and sit or lie down, in whatever position is most
- If you take nitroglycerin, take your normal dosage.
- If you are experiencing chest pain, chew and swallow one (1) adult 325 mg
ASA tablet (e.g., Aspirin®) or two (2) 80 mg tablets. Do not use
pain medicines like acetaminophen (e.g. Tylenolâ )
or ibuprofen (e.g. Advil®).
- Rest comfortably and wait for emergency medical services (EMS) (e.g.,
ambulance) to arrive.
If you are with someone who is experiencing the warning signals of a heart
- Help the person with all the activities listed above.
- Expect denial. You must take charge and call 911 or your local emergency
- If the person becomes unresponsive (no normal breathing, coughing, or
movement), start CPR.
In the event of cardiopulmonary arrest (no normal breathing, coughing or
movement), call 911 or your local emergency number, attach an Automatic External
Defibrillator (AED) or begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately and
continue until emergency help has arrived.
- Check the scene for safety.
- Determine unresponsiveness (no normal breathing, coughing or movement).
- Call 911 or your local emergency number.
- Get the AED or ask someone to get an AED if there is one close by, and
attach it to the person immediately.
Early intervention in the case of a cardiac emergency can mean the difference
between life and death. The flow of oxygen to the brain can be sustained and the
amount of permanent damage can be reduced. A survival rate as high as 90% has
been reported when defibrillation is achieved within the first minute of
collapse. Every minute that passes reduces the chances of survival by 7- 10%.
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